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Wednesday, February 1, 2023

The American Revolution, 1763 – 1783

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The term “revolution” refers to a radical change or overthrow of a government. When we talk about revolution, how can we forget the American Revolution? The American Revolution was a period of political revolution. It was fought as an insurrection to establish the sovereign state of America. 1763 was a turning point for the colonials as it suppressed the colonies. Also, it imposed revenue taxes. Since the 17th century, North Americans have played havoc with a series of wars. The wars between France, Spain, and Britain.

Timeline of the American Revolution, 1763-1783

Here is the American Revolution timeline from the years 1763–1783.

the American Revolution

1760’s

YearDateEvent
1763           10 FebruaryTreaty Of Paris signing
17637 OctoberProclamation of 1763
17645 AprilSugar Act by Vice-Admiralty Court to put off smuggling cases.
176522 MarchStamp Act under which all the legal documents are required to be stamped or watermarked.
176515 MayQuartering Act. The act was designed to pay for supplies to the British garrisons.
176530 MayVirginian Resolution
17657-25 OctoberStamp Act Congress
176618 MarchUnder the Declaratory Act, the Parliament revokes Stamp Act.
176729 JuneTownshend Revenue Act by which the duties implies on the paint, glass, paper, and lead
17681 OctoberUpon the political unrest, the British troops arrived in Boston.

1770’s

YearDateEvent
1770 5 MarchBoston Massacre, which resulted in the killing of five civilians.
177012 AprilTownshend Revenue Act was repealed,
177210 JuneAngered by the trade legislation, they burned the Gaspee near Rhode Island.
1773JulyPublications of the letter by Massachusetts governor, Thomas Hutchinson.
177310 MayThe Tea Act. Parliament exempts its tea from the export duties to provide support to the East India Company.
177316 December Boston Tea Party
1774May & JuneBoycott of British goods by colonies.
1774SeptemberContinental Congress
177519 AprilBattles of Lexington and Concord.
177516 JuneGeorge Washington was appointed as commander-in-chief of the Continental Army.
177517 JuneOn 17 June 1775, the first major war of independence took place, the Battle of Bunker Hill.
17755 JulyOliver-Brach Petition was made for American rights but George II rejected this petition.
17769 JanuaryThomas Paine’s Common Sense was published in Philadelphia.
17762 MayAmericans got aid from France.
17764 JulyThe Continental Congress issued the Declaration of Independence.
1776 August-DecemberBattles of Long Islands and White Plains. British forces occupy Americans.
1776 26 DecemberBattle of Trenton
1777 2 & 3 JanuaryBattle of Princeton
1777 13 OctoberBritish surrendered troops to Major General Horatio Gates at Saratoga.
1778 6 FebruaryFrance recognizes United States Independence.

1780’s

YearDateEvent
178016 AugustThe Battle of Camden. The US gets defeated.
17811 MarchArticles of Confederation were rectified.
17815 SeptemberBattle of the Capes
178118 OctoberSurrender of the British Forces at Yorktown.
17825 MarchNegotiations by the British government.
17833 SeptemberTreaty of Paris, which ends the Revolutionary War.

Famous Personalities in the American Revolution

From the above timeline, we know the major events during the American Revolution. Now let’s look at some famous personalities and their role in the American Revolution in particular.

Thomas Hutchinson

Thomas Hutchinson was a businessman and politician in Boston, Massachusetts. He is referred to as the most important figure in pre-Revolutionary Massachusetts. As governor of the province of Massachusetts Bay, he tries to calm the situation, particularly after the Boston Massacre.

During the Revolutionary War, Thomas Hutchinson’s letters were published in a Boston newspaper. The letters explain the revolts in the colony against the taxes and call for the rights of the colonials. It also proposes suggestions for improvements for the colonials.

King George III

King George III

King George III was the King of Ireland and Great Britain. During his reign, many wars were fought. During the American Revolution, he sought the legitimate rights of Americans. One of the reasons why the Revolutionary War lasted so long was that King George III refused to surrender the colonies.

Benjamin Franklin

Benjamin Franklin

Benjamin Franklin was an American scientist, writer, and political philosopher. He played a major role in Philadelphia’s civic life and the Declaration of Independence. He also acted as a spokesperson for the colonials.

Patrick Henry

Patrick Henry

Patrick Henry was an American politician and attorney. He was one of the leading advocates for independence in the American Revolution. At the Second Virginia Convention, he gave a speech, saying, “Give me liberty, or give me death!” He also wrote many letters to put an end to slavery.

John Adams

John Adams was an American writer and attorney known for his extreme patriotism. J.Adams also played an important role in the negotiations of the Treaty of Paris. He served in Holland and France during the war period.

Thomas Jefferson

Thomas Jefferson was the third President of America. He was one of the people who started the United States. He wrote the Declaration of Independence, which says that the American colonies are no longer under British rule.

Thomas Jefferson

Slavery, rights of black Americans, and the American Revolution

The American Revolution undoubtedly had a great effect on slavery. Many enslaved people gained their freedom.Many of them were emancipated, while others freed themselves by running away. According to the reports, 5,000 enslaved people from Georgia got freedom, while a quarter of enslaved people from South Carolina did. In 1775, the governor of Virginia, Lord Dunmore, promised to free all the enslaved people who belonged to rebels.

During the Revolutionary War, Black Americans played a dominant role. Many black American soldiers served during the war period. During the war, many black Americans were assigned the role of servers, cooks, wagoners, etc. The revolution undoubtedly inspired the blacks to claim their rights, “The rights of Black Americans.”

Slavery, rights of black Americans, and the American Revolution

Outcomes of The American Revolution

The American Revolution was a particular period of political and military struggle. The colonials fought for their rights and representation before the British monarch. The Americans’ victory paved new ways for trade. The revolution also had a significant effect on the social and political life of the United States. Undoubtedly, it played a major role in freeing the people from slavery. Americans’ lives changed drastically positively, particularly after the war period.

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